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Appalachian Forest National Heritage Area

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What is AFHA?

About the Appalachian Forest National Heritage Area

The Appalachian Forest Heritage Area (AFHA) is seeking National Heritage Area designation. This will provide national recognition and credibility, and the opportunity for substantial funding for long-term development of the project. Your help is needed! See HERE.


For centuries, the forests of the Appalachian Mountains have sustained local settlers, provided raw materials for America's economic expansion, and inspired visitors.  The Appalachian Forest Heritage Area (AFHA) tells the story of this forest legacy and the mountain people who forged it. 

The AFHA attracts visitors to discover the rich forest heritage of the highlands of West Virginia and western Maryland. Visitors explore thematic trails leading them to recreation, learning, entertainment, and appreciation experiences targeted to their own interests.

Communities benefit from the AFHA in several ways. Economic markets increase for local events and attractions, tourist services, forest industry products and the arts. Communities grow stronger through local participation and regional networking. The entire region works with a shared approach to use, conservation, and appreciation of our multi-faceted forest.

Project Summary

The Appalachian Forest Heritage Area (AFHA) is a regional, grassroots effort to integrate central Appalachian forest history, culture, natural history, products, and forestry management into a heritage tourism initiative to promote rural community development. Initially supported by a 4-year grant from USDA to West Virginia University (WVU) Division of Forestry and Extension Service, the effort is now implemented by a non-profit organization based on stakeholder partnerships. The goal is to create a sustainable Heritage Area based on forest heritage. Existing and potential forest-based historic sites, artisans, manufacturers, and working forests are being developed into a network of attractions providing high-quality products, programs, educational experiences, events, and visitor services.

Tourism is the third largest retail industry in America.  Heritage tourism represents a promising strategy for economic diversification rooted in local traditions. The AFHA has a rich, complex history of timber harvesting, forest management and forest products. Major strides in forest health, productivity, management, and wood utilization have contributed to a vibrant natural resource-based economy and culture. Many visitors have little appreciation for the links among forestry practices, rural traditions, and sustainable economies. 

To the degree that rural communities and local industries take pride in their traditions and stewardship, the long-term sustainability of West Virginia and western Maryland’s forest-dependent communities is more secure.  Forest-related heritage tourism can fulfill the need for public education, thus contributing to an understanding of “good forestry.”  Heritage tourism also fosters economic development consistent with local traditions and available resources. 

Mission and Goals

The AFHA mission is to work locally to conserve, develop, interpret, and promote a regional network of forest-based resources and experiences in the highlands of West Virginia and Maryland for the enjoyment and appreciation of residents and visitors in order to enhance economic and community development.

The four primary goals are to:

Core Values
History of the AFHA

An initiative of West Virginia University's Davis College of Agriculture, Forestry and Consumer Sciences and the WVU Extension Service, the AFHA was originally funded by a USDA "Fund for Rural America" grant. It was coordinated by a project team from West Virginia University (WVU) and Canaan Valley Institute (CVI), with active partnership from state and federal agencies, non-profit organizations, and communities throughout the area.

Since its October 2001 inception, the AFHA project has convened large-group stakeholder meetings and numerous task group sessions. A broad range of participants with diverse backgrounds and viewpoints are participating to guide the project's course. The work of building a consistent theme and integrated network goes hand-in-hand with communities committing to local projects. This grassroots approach helps ensure local community successes and balanced direction.

The initial AFHA grant expired in the fall of 2005. In order to carry on these efforts beyond the initial grant, a non-profit organization called Appalachian Forest Heritage Area, Inc. has been created to assume responsibility for the future of the AFHA. The non-profit Governing Council representing communities, interest groups, and involved stakeholders and partners vision and plan the project. Task groups have been active on a number of fronts: identifying assets, interpretation, business development, communications, marketing, and organization. Three pilot communities -- Webster County, WV, Randolph County, WV and Garrett County, MD -- are implementing projects in model communities.

The Stakeholders participating have agreed on Core Values emphasizing voluntary partnerships from a broad range of interest groups, balanced interpretation, forest sustainability for industry, communities, and ecosystems, working forests and cultural heritage tourism as components of economic development, and that AFHA is not a land management organization. The enthusiasm and participation level in the existing AFHA project indicate the success of this collaborative approach respecting diverse points-of-view.


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